The Man in the Iron Mask (Wordsworth Classics)

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The Man in the Iron Mask (Wordsworth Classics)

The Man in the Iron Mask (Wordsworth Classics)

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FMCJ Awards". International Film Music Critics Association. 18 October 2009 . Retrieved 19 December 2022. In his letters to Louvois, Saint-Mars describes Dauger as a quiet man, giving no trouble, "disposed to the will of God and to the king", compared to his other prisoners, who were always complaining, constantly trying to escape, or simply mad. [8] Wilkinson, Josephine (2021). The Man in the Iron Mask: The Truth about Europe's Most Famous Prisoner (softcover) (1sted.). Stroud: Amberley Publishing Limited. ISBN 978-1-4456-9393-4.

In a footnote, Mongrédien explained that the Marquise de Fabrègues was Eustache's eldest sister, Louise-Henriette, who had married François-Antoine de Sarret, marquis de Fabrègues et de Coussergues, maréchal de camp. Widowed in December 1674, she survived until 1696 ( Mongrédien 1953, p.56). Historians point to two men as the most often suspected identities behind the iron mask: Ercole Matthiole and Eustache Dauger. The former was an Italian count who had betrayed Louis XIV politically in the 1670s. Henri-Robert [in French] (1925). "Le Masque de Fer". Les grands procès de l'Histoire (softcover). IV e Série (in French). Paris: Payot. pp.87–122.Across the country, Aramis and Porthos desperately escape from Vaux, riding all day and night to get out of town. They change horses at every opportunity until eventually they reach a way station with no fresh horses. Aramis despairs until he remembers that the last former musketeer, Athos, lives nearby. Noone (1988) pointed out that the minister was concerned Dauger should not communicate, rather than that his face should be concealed. [20] Later, Saint-Mars elaborated upon instructions that the prisoner should not be seen during transportation. The idea of keeping Dauger in a velvet mask was Saint-Mars's own, to increase his self-importance. What Dauger had seen or done is still a mystery.

Dijol, Pierre-Marie (1978). Nabo, ou le Masque de Fer (hardcover) (in French). Paris: France Empire. Lauzun was freed in 1681. Later that same year, Saint-Mars was appointed governor of the prison of the Exiles Fort (now Exilles in Italy). He went there, taking Dauger and La Rivière with him. La Rivière's death was reported in January 1687; in May, Saint-Mars and Dauger moved to Sainte-Marguerite, one of the Lérins Islands, half a mile offshore from Cannes. It was during the journey to Sainte-Marguerite that rumours spread that the prisoner was wearing an iron mask. Again, he was placed in a cell with multiple doors. Davidson, Arthur F. (2010). "The Great Novels (1843–1853)". Alexandre Dumas: His Life and Works (Facsimileed.). Kessinger Publishing. ISBN 978-1163499931. Meanwhile, the king discovers where Aramis and Porthos are hiding and tells D'Artagnan to bring twenty of his best men to Belle-Isle. D'Artagnan realizes that he must find a way to mitigate this peacefully without harming two of his best friends.In 1711, King Louis' sister-in-law, Elizabeth Charlotte, Princess Palatine, sent a letter to her aunt, Sophia, Electress of Hanover, stating that the prisoner had "two musketeers at his side to kill him if he removed his mask". She described him as very devout, and stated that he was well treated and received everything he desired. However, the prisoner had already been dead for eight years by that point and the Princess had not necessarily seen him for herself; rather, she was quite likely reporting rumours she had heard at court. Ranalli, Brent (2018). "Educating the State: Civil Disobedience by Dumas' Musketeers". The Concord Saunterer. 26: 127–136. JSTOR 44968730 . Retrieved 4 January 2021.

In the English translations, the 268 chapters of this large volume are usually subdivided into three, but sometimes four or even six individual books. In three-volume English editions the volumes are entitled The Vicomte de Bragelonne, Louise de la Vallière, and The Man in the Iron Mask. Each volume is roughly the length of the original The Three Musketeers (1844). I was in, the first 20% was 5-stars even with some interruptions to worldbuild, but then after a climax it suddenly switches characters. Which it will continue to do throughout the novel as there isn't actually any main character. Its a terrible structure where the momentum drops at each switch and has to start to build up again. Still Dumas manages to make it work, and the awful structure does at least mean you never know what might happen next. Mongrédien, Georges (15 April 1953). "Deux documents inédits sur le Masque de Fer". XVII e siècle. Paris: Société d'étude du XVII e siècle (N os 17-18). The Kingdom of France faces bankruptcy from King Louis XIV's wars against the Dutch, causing French citizens to starve. As the country moves toward revolution, King Louis prepares for war. At this point, the four musketeers have gone their separate ways; Aramis is now a priest, Porthos is a womanizing drunkard, and Athos has retired to his farm. Only D'Artagnan has remained loyal to the musketeers and is now the captain.

Theories About The Man In The Iron Mask

Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference Lang (1903) presented a theory that "Eustache d'Auger" was a prison pseudonym of a man called "Martin", valet of the Huguenot Roux de Marcilly. [18] After his master's execution in 1669, the valet was taken to France, possibly by abduction. A letter from the French Foreign minister has been found rejecting an offer to arrest Martin: He was simply not important. [19] At a small graveside service for D'Artagnan, Philippe tells Athos that he has come to love him like a father, which Athos reciprocates. The narrator tells that Philippe later issued Louis a royal pardon and confined him to the countryside to live in seclusion, while he became one of France's greatest kings. So, who was the Man in the Iron Mask? The guesses have numbered in the hundreds over the centuries, from the plausible to the far-fetched.

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