Life-Span Human Development

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Life-Span Human Development

Life-Span Human Development

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Extending on the premise of multidirectionality, Baltes also argued that development is influenced by the “joint expression of features of growth (gain) and decline (loss)”. Another psychologist who recognized the importance of the environment on development was American psychologist, Urie Bronfenbrenner (1917-2005), who formulated the ecological systems theory to explain how the inherent qualities of a child and their environment interact to influence how they will grow and develop. The text emphasizes theories and their use in helping us understand development, focuses on the interplay of nature and nurture in development, and also provides an expansive examination of both biological and sociocultural influences on life-span development. It included highly rewarding novel tasks that required attention control and became progressively more difficult to perform. These findings suggest that when vision is absent in development, the auditory cortices in the brain recruit areas that are normally devoted to vision, thus becoming further refined.

Major development happens during the first two years of life, as evidenced by this newborn baby and his toddler brother. Key terms and concepts include unconditional positive regard, striving for “the good life,” and the hierarchy of needs. Baltes identified three types of influences that operate throughout the life course: normative age-graded influences, normative history-graded influences, and nonnormative influences. Written in a clear, straightforward style, LIFE-SPAN HUMAN DEVELOPMENT provides the comprehensive coverage that you need to do well in this course. But we may not realize that physical development also involves brain development, which not only enables childhood motor coordination but also greater coordination between emotions and planning in adulthood, as our brains are not done developing in infancy or childhood.Human development refers to the physical, cognitive, and psychosocial development of humans throughout the lifespan.

In the past I taught Human Develoment from textbooks that approach change in a chronological fashion as the body ages in several domain areas.Lifespan development involves the exploration of biological, cognitive, and psychosocial changes and constancies that occur throughout the entire course of life. There are also emotional and social changes involving regulating emotions, interacting with peers, and possibly dating. He believed that all behaviors are learned, or conditioned, as evidenced by his famous “Little Albert” study, in which he conditioned an infant to fear a white rat.

g., nutrition and teratogens, which are environmental factors during pregnancy that can lead to birth defects) are evident. Interactions with primary caregivers (and others) undergo changes influenced by possible separation anxiety and the development of attachment styles.In the book, he warned against the inevitable dangers of a mother providing too much love and affection. Palliative care is an approach to maintain dying individuals’ comfort level, and hospice is a movement and practice that involves professional and volunteer care and loved ones. There are many theorists that have made, and continue to make, a profound contribution to this area of psychology, amongst whom is Erik Erikson who developed a model of eight stages of psychological development. Each chapter focuses on a domain of development (such as physical growth, cognition, or personality) and includes information on four life Infancy, Childhood, Adolescence, and Adulthood. If we use the example of puberty again, we can see that certain domains may improve or decline in effectiveness during this time.

This video gives a nice overview of the series (through the lens of a film analysis about what makes it so successful and engaging). Many of us are familiar with the height and weight charts that pediatricians consult to estimate if babies, children, and teens are growing within normative ranges of physical development.Children also begin to learn about social relationships beyond the family through interaction with friends and fellow students; same-sex friendships are particularly salient during this period. Think of ways your own development fits in with each of these concepts as you read about the terms in more detail.

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